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International Crisis Group

Grantee:        International Crisis Group
Ranking:       17th highest grantee, 2005 — 2009
Received:     $5,025,000
Type:             NGO
Issue:             Conflict Resolution

About: The International Crisis Group, headquartered in Brussels, bills itself as “an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict.”  Founded in 1995, the international NGO “publishes annually over 80 reports and briefing papers, as well as the CrisisWatch bulletin assessing every month the current state of play in some 70 countries or areas of actual or potential conflict.”

Mission Statement:  We are generally seen as playing a major role in six main ways:

  • ringing early warning alarm bells, in the monthly CrisisWatch bulletin, and in specific ‘conflict alerts’ . . .
  • contributing, on both process and substance, behind the scenes support and advice to critical peace negotiations . . .
  • producing highly detailed analysis and advice on specific policy issues in scores of conflict or potential conflict situations around the world, helping policymakers in the UN Security Council, regional organisations, donor countries and others with major influence, and in the countries at risk themselves, do better in preventing, managing and resolving conflict, and in rebuilding after it . . .
  • providing detailed information unobtainable elsewhere on developments regarding conflict, mass violence and terrorism of particular utility to policymakers . . .
  • offering new strategic thinking on some of the world’s most intractable conflicts and crises, challenging or refining prevailing wisdom . . .
  • strongly supporting a rules-based, rather than force-based, international order, in particular significantly influencing UN resolutions and institutional structures in relation to the new international norm of the ‘responsibility to protect’.

Soros Funding:  Soros, a long-time member of the ICG’s board, made the following remarks about the group in 2003: “My support of the ICG is part of a larger strategy.  I believe in crisis prevention and crisis resolution.  I have developed what I call the Soros doctrine — preventive action of a constructive nature which I juxtapose to the Bush doctrine of preemptive action of a military nature . . . I am the member of a well-balanced board which has such people on it as Richard Perle and Richard Allen.  I do have some influence on the subjects which are selected for study.

The ICG first made a name for itself in the Balkans and it was their success there that induced me to offer my challenge grant.  The ICG now covers most of the trouble spots of the world, and there are many of them, and it has made a valuable contribution to resolving some of them.  I am thinking in particular of the reports on Liberia and the whole western African region, the report on the Palestinian question which I think makes more sense than the roadmap.

Officers:

  • Louise Arbour, President & Chief Executive Officer — Louise Arbour has served as President & CEO of the International Crisis Group since July 2009. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2004 to 2008, Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda
  • Nick Grono, Deputy President & Chief Operating Officer

Board of Directors Executive Committee:

  • Thomas R Pickering, Chair, Crisis Group, Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Russia, India, Israel, Jordan, El Salvador and Nigeria; Vice Chairman of Hills & Company
  • Louise Arbour, President & CEO
  • Morton Abramowitz, Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and Ambassador to Turkey
  • Cheryl Carolus, Former South African High Commissioner to the UK and Secretary General of the ANC
  • Maria Livanos Cattaui, Member of the Board, Petroplus Holdings, Switzerland
  • Yoichi Funabashi, Journalist and Former Editor-in-Chief of the The Asahi Shimbun, Japan
  • Frank Giustra, CEO, Fiore Capital Corporation
  • Ghassan Salamé, Dean, Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po
  • George Soros, Chairman, Open Society Institute
  • Pär Stenbäck, Former Foreign Minister of Finland

Board of Directors:

  • Adnan Abu-Odeh, Former Political Adviser to King Abdullah II and to King Hussein, and Jordan Permanent Representative to the UN
  • Kenneth Adelman, Former U.S. Ambassador and Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
  • Kofi Annan, Former Secretary-General of the United Nations; Nobel Peace Prize (2001)
  • Nahum Barnea, Chief Columnist for Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel
  • Samuel Berger, Chair, Albright Stonebridge Group LLC; Former U.S. National Security Advisor
  • Emma Bonino, Vice President of the Senate; Former Minister of International Trade and European Affairs of Italy and European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid
  • Wesley Clark, Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe
  • Sheila Coronel
  • Toni Stabile, Professor of Practice in Investigative Journalism; Director, Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, Columbia University, U.S.
  • Jan Egeland, Director, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; Former UN Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
  • Mohamed El Baradei, Mr. ElBaradei suspended his membership from the Board of Crisis Group concurrent with his January 2011 return to Egypt.  Director-General Emeritus, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Nobel Peace Prize (2005)
  • Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Former Foreign Minister of Denmark
  • Gareth Evans, President Emeritus of Crisis Group; Former Foreign Affairs Minister of Australia
  • Mark Eyskens, Former Prime Minister of Belgium
  • Joshua Fink, CEO & Chief Investment Officer, Enso Capital Management LLC
  • Joschka Fischer, Former Foreign Minister of Germany
  • Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Arnold Saltzman Professor of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University; Former UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations
  • Carla Hills, Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and U.S. Trade Representative
  • Lena Hjelm-Wallén, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister of Sweden
  • Swanee Hunt, Former U.S. Ambassador to Austria; Chair, Institute for Inclusive Security and President, Hunt Alternatives Fund
  • Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chair, Mo Ibrahim Foundation; Founder, Celtel International
  • Igor Ivanov, Former Foreign Affairs Minister of the Russian Federation
  • Asma Jahangir, President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan; Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief
  • Wim Kok, Former Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • Ricardo Lagos, Former President of Chile
  • Joanne Leedom-Ackerman, Former International Secretary of International PEN; Novelist and journalist, U.S.
  • Lord (Mark) Malloch-Brown, Former Administrator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and UN Deputy Secretary-General
  • Lalit Mansingh, Former Foreign Secretary of India, Ambassador to the U.S. and High Commissioner to the UK
  • Jessica Tuchman Mathews, President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, U.S.
  • Benjamin Mkapa, Former President of Tanzania
  • Moisés Naím, Senior Associate, International Economics Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Former Editor in Chief, Foreign Policy
  • Ayo Obe, Legal Practitioner, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Paul Reynolds, President and CEO, Canaccord Financial Inc.; Vice-Chair, Global Head of Canaccord Genuity
  • Güler Sabancı, Chairperson, Sabancı Holding, Turkey
  • Javier Solana, Former EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, NATO Secretary-General and Foreign Affairs Minister of Spain
  • Lawrence Summers, Former Director of the US National Economic Council and Secretary of the Treasury; President Emeritus of Harvard University

Chairmen Emeriti:

  • Martti Ahtisaari, Former President of Finland
  • George J. Mitchell, Former U.S. Senate Majority Leader

Senior Advisors:

  • HRH Prince Turki al-Faisal Former Ambassador of the KIngdom of Saudi Arabia to the U.S.
  • Hushang Ansary
  • Ersin Arıoğlu  Chairman Emeritus, Yapı Merkezi, Turkey
  • Óscar Arias
  • Richard Armitage Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
  • Diego Arria Former Ambassador of Venezuela to the UN
  • Zainab Bangura
  • Shlomo Ben-Ami Former Foreign Minister of Israel
  • Christoph Bertram Former Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Germany
  • Alan Blinken
  • Lakhdar Brahimi Former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General and Foreign Minister of Algeria
  • Zbigniew Brzezinski Former U.S. National Security Advisor to the President
  • Kim Campbell Former Prime Minister of Canada
  • Jorge Castañeda  Former Foreign Minister of Mexico
  • Naresh Chandra Former Indian Cabinet Secretary and Ambassador to the U.S.
  • Eugene Chien
  • Joaquim Alberto Chissano Former President of Mozambique
  • Victor Chu Chairman, First Eastern Investment Group, Hong Kong
  • Mong Joon Chung
  • Pat Cox Former President of the European Parliament
  • Gianfranco Dell’ Alba
  • Jacques Delors
  • Alain Destexhe Senator, Belgium
  • Mou-Shih Ding
  • Gernot Erler
  • Marika Fahlen Ambassador, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs  Stanley Fischer Governor, Bank of Israel  Malcolm Fraser Former Prime Minister of Australia  I.K. Gujral Former Prime Minister of India
  • Max Jakobson Former Ambassador of Finland to the UN and Sweden
  • James V. Kimsey Founder and Chairman Emeritus of America Online, Inc. (AOL)
  • Aleksander Kwasniewski Former President of Poland
  • Todung Mulya Lubis Human rights lawyer and author, Indonesia
  • Allan J MacEachen Former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
  • Graça Machel
  • Barbara McDougall Former Secretary of State for External Affairs, Canada
  • Matthew McHugh Former U.S. Congressman and Counselor to the World Bank President
  • Nobuo Matsunaga
  • Miklós Németh
  • Christine Ockrent CEO, French TV and Radio World Services
  • Timothy Ong
  • Olara Otunnu
  • Lord (Christopher) Patten of Barnes Former European Commissioner for External Relations, Governor of Hong Kong and UK Cabinet Minister; BBC Trust Chairman
  • Shimon Peres
  • Victor Pinchuk Founder of EastOne LLC and Victor Pinchuk Foundation
  • Surin Pitsuwan
  • Cyril Ramaphosa Former Secretary General, African National Congress, South Africa
  • Fidel V. Ramos Former President of Philippines
  • Lord Robertson of Port Ellen Former Secretary General, NATO
  • Michel Rocard Former Prime Minister of France
  • Volker Rühe Former Defence Minister, Germany
  • Mohamed Sahnoun Adviser to the United Nations Secretary-General
  • Salim A. Salim Former Prime Minister of Tanzania
  • Douglas Schoen  Founding Partner of Penn, Schoen & Berland Associates, U.S.
  • Christian Schwarz-Schilling
  • Michael Sohlman
  • Thorvald Stoltenberg Former Foreign Minister of Norway
  • William O. Taylor Chairman Emeritus, The Boston Globe, US
  • Leo Tindemans Former Prime Minister of Belgium
  • Ed van Thijn Former Minister of Interior, The Netherlands
  • Simone Veil
  • Shirley Williams
  • Grigory Yavlinsky Chairman, Yabloko Party, Russia
  • Uta Zapf  Chairperson of the German Bundestag Subcommittee on Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
  • Ernesto Zedillo Former President of Mexico; Director, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization
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